YOUR TAX RATE

DOLLAR

Every year, the IRS adjusts more than 40 tax provisions for inflation. This is done to prevent what is called “bracket creep.” This is the phenomenon by which people are pushed into higher income tax brackets or have reduced value from credits or deductions due to inflation, instead of an increase in real income.

The IRS uses the Consumer Price Index (CPI) to calculate the past year’s inflation and adjusts income thresholds, deduction amounts, and credit values accordingly.

Estimated Income Tax Brackets and Rates

In 2017, the income limits for all tax brackets and all filers will be adjusted for inflation and will be as follows (Table 1). The top marginal income tax rate of 39.6 percent will hit taxpayers with taxable income of $418,400 and higher for single filers and $470,700 and higher for married couples filing jointly.

Table 1. Single Taxable Income Tax Brackets and Rates, 2017
Rate Taxable Income Bracket Tax Owed

10%

$0 to $9,325 10% of Taxable Income

15%

$9,325 to $37,950 $932.50 plus 15% of the excess over $9325

25%

$37,950 to $91,900 $5,226.25 plus 25% of the excess over $37,950

28%

$91,900 to $191,650 $18,713.75 plus 28% of the excess over $91,900

33%

$191,650 to $416,700 $46,643.75 plus 33% of the excess over $191,650

35%

$416,700 to $418,400 $120,910.25 plus 35% of the excess over $416,700

39.60%

$418,400+ $121,505.25 plus 39.6% of the excess over $418,400
Table 2. Married Filing Joint Taxable Income Tax Brackets and Rates, 2017
Rate Taxable Income Bracket Tax Owed

10%

$0 to $18,650 10% of taxable income

15%

$18,650 to $75,900 $1,865 plus 15% of the excess over $18,650

25%

$75,900 to $153,100 $10,452.50 plus 25% of the excess over $75,900

28%

$153,100 to $233,350 $29,752.50 plus 28% of the excess over $153,100

33%

$233,350 to $416,700 $52,222.50 plus 33% of the excess over $233,350

35%

$416,700 to $470,700 $112,728 plus 35% of the excess over $416,700

39.60%

$470,700+ $131,628 plus 39.6% of the excess over $470,700
Table 3. Head of Household Taxable Income Tax Brackets and Rates, 2017
Rate Taxable Income Bracket Tax Owed

10%

$0 to $13,350 10% of taxable income

15%

$13,350 to $50,800 $1,335 plus 15% of the excess over $13,350

25%

$50,800 to $131,200 $6,952.50 plus 25% of the excess over $50,800

28%

$131,200 to $212,500 $27,052.50 plus 28% of the excess over $131,200

33%

$212,500 to $416,700 $49,816.50 plus 33% of the excess over $212,500

35%

$416,700 to $444,500 $117,202.50 plus 35% of the excess over $416,701

39.60%

$444,550+ $126,950 plus 39.6% of the excess over $444,550
Source: IRS.

Standard Deduction and Personal Exemption

The standard deduction for single filers will increase by $50 and $100 for married couples filing jointly (Table 4).

The personal exemption for 2017 remains the same at $4,050.

Table 4. 2017 Standard Deduction and Personal Exemption
Filing Status Deduction Amount
Single $6,350
Married Filing Jointly $12,700
Head of Household $9,350
Personal Exemption $4,050
Source: IRS.

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